BHX MOD SOC MAP_GLOSSARY: International Style

Context  

Between 1920-1960. Developed  in the 1920s and ’30s and became the dominant tendency in Western architecture (Europe and United States) during the middle decades of the 20th century.

 

Architects

Pioners

  • Loos : domestic
  • Perret, Behrens and Gropius: Industrial
  • Sant`Elia : Futuristic vision

Second Generation

  • Le Corbusier
  • Bropius
  • Mies Vand der Rohe
  • Oud
  • Rietwel

General characteristics

  • Rectilinear forms
  • Taut plane surfaces that have been completely stripped of applied ornamentation and decoration
  • Open interior spaces
  • Visually weightless quality engendered by the use of cantilever construction
  • Glass and steel, in combination with usually less visible reinforced concrete, are the characteristic materials of construction

Principles

  • Concept of architecture  as volume rather than a mass
  • Regularity rather  than axial symetry

Relevant works

 

1

Bauhaus (1923-6). Gropius

2

Villa Saboya (1930). Le Corbusier

3

Barcelona Pavillion(1924). Mies Van der Rohe

4

General Motors Technical Centre(1955). Saarinen

 

 

 

About Co.LAB Student

MArchitecture Level 5 Student
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